Grassroots and environmental NGOs
Catégorie : Chapitre d'ouvrage
Auteur(s) : Nathalie Berny , Ellen Clarke
Éditeur : Routledge
Année de publication : 2019
This chapter questions the properties usually associated to grassroots and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in a comparative perspective, both historically and internationally. It addresses different forms of environmentalism in order to assess the transformative capacity of mobilisations involved in land use conflicts. Drawing from various works in sociology, geography and legal studies is useful to underscore continuities and change in this regard, while the ongoing and alarming pressure on the environment has reactivated a debate on the failure of environmentalism to prevent irreversible changes. This chapter suggests deconstructing categories such as grassroots organisations, local communities and NGOs in order to reveal actual lines of division at the local level. Moreover, the dichotomies associated to these categories of North versus South or local versus national/global also have limitations, sometimes reducing the significance of legal battles or transnational action, both aspects nowadays being targeted by repressive legislation across the globe.
Référence HAL : halshs-02387292Voir sur HAL