Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Antoine Hardy

Nom de la revue : Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies

Année de publication : 2024

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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Antoine Bouzin

Nom de la revue : Norois. Environnement, aménagement, société

pp. 201-203

Année de publication : 2024

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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Laure Gayraud , Audrey Maury , Ursula Duchein , Laura Ortiz-Rouzé

Nom de la revue : Céreq Bref

pp. 1-4

Année de publication : 2024


Résumé :

Les approches traditionnelles de l'orientation et de l'insertion s'avèrent souvent insuffisantes pour aider les jeunes en situation de NEET, c'est-à-dire ni en emploi, ni en études, ni en formation, à trouver leur voie. Pour expérimenter d'autres approches, le programme d'accompagnement « 100% transition » voit dans la transition écologique l'occasion, pour les jeunes comme pour les accompagnateur·trices, d'apprendre à se projeter au-delà du seul horizon professionnel. Chargé d'évaluer les impacts sociétaux de ce projet sur les participant·es, le Céreq livre ici ses résultats après trois sessions de cette expérimentation originale.


Résumé en anglais :

Traditional approaches to career and vocational guidance are often insufficient to help young people in NEET situations (i.e. not in employment, education or training) find their way. As an experiment involving alternative approaches, the "100% transition" mentoring programme sees the ecological transition as an opportunity for both young people and their mentors to learn to look beyond their career goals. Commissioned to evaluate the societal impact of this project on the participants, the Céreq presents here its results after completing three sessions of this original experiment.


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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Tristan Velardo

Nom de la revue : Revue d'histoire de la pensée économique

pp. 359-365

Année de publication : 2024

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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Alexis Aulagnier , Daniel Compagnon , Andy Smith

Nom de la revue : Natures Sciences Sociétés

pp. [en ligne]

Année de publication : 2024


Résumé :

Cet article éclaire la territorialisation de l’action climatique en ciblant ses temporalités politiques et administratives locales. Empiriquement, nous nous appuyons sur l’analyse de la mise en œuvre de plans climat-air-énergie territoriaux (PCAET) dans douze intercommunalités de Nouvelle-Aquitaine. À partir de l’étude de la mise en œuvre concrète de ces plans, du travail politique et administratif auquel ils donnent lieu, nous identifions deux freins à la légitimation d’une intervention climatique à l’échelon local. Le portage politique très individualisé de cette question par des élus et par des techniciens, et des trajectoires intercommunales et environnementales contrastées s’opposent à une priorisation locale de la question climatique. Les injonctions étatiques en matière de territorialisation de l’action climatique se heurtent aux temporalités politiques locales.


Résumé en anglais :

This article explores the issue of the temporality of climate change from the angle of the formulation and implementation of local public policies which profess to address this fundamental political challenge. Empirically, it draws upon an analysis of the appropriation of Local Climate Plans (LCP) in twelve ‘intercommunal’ bodies in New Aquitaine. In France, virtually all such bodies are now required to develop LCP. Through interviews and documentary analyses, we studied the political work that the implementation of this obligation has entailed, in particular regarding two obstacles to legitimating climate action at the local scale. Firstly, we show that for local authorities, despite the work of ecologically committed administrative staff, political backing is only given by a minority of isolated elected councillors. Secondly, each locality has its own historical trajectory of environmental action and, more generally, of public policymaking at the intercommunal scale. The sedimentation of this past into local configurations consistently affects the content and meaning of each LCP. More generally, we show that actors have great difficulty pinning down, prioritizing, and legitimating climate change as a ‘public problem’ that deserves to be acted upon locally. As with the two non-drivers of political change listed above, this again contributes to creative and significant climate initiatives not being framed as urgent at the local scale.


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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : François Dubet

Nom de la revue : Sciences humaines. Hors-série les essentiels

pp. 96-99

Année de publication : 2024

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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Daniel Bach

Nom de la revue : New Perspectives

Année de publication : 2024


Résumé :

The article reviews transformations observed in the post-soviet space and raises the question of their implications for students of comparative regionalisms. It is first argued that such a discussion deserves to be more systematically related to that of the shifting ‘grammars’ of globalization. Unlike what was the case in the 1990s, globalization refers today to a fragmented, multipolar, yet globalized, world. Interdependency is perceived as a source of insecurity and strategic vulnerability. With Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the article also stresses, a pillar of post-colonial and post-imperial international relations, uti possidetis, is also being tested and contested. Interactions with the diversity, or ‘languages,’ of regionalisms are then addressed through the identification of five distinctive threads: colonial and imperial legacies; regionalism as sovereignty or regime enhancement; the EU as a model of holistic and developmental integration; regionalization through defragmentation and connectivity; and regionalization without region-building. The article concludes to the resilience of debates and cognitive representations that were discarded in the aftermath of the cold war.


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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Régis Briday , Sébastien Chailleux , Xavier Arnauld de Sartre

Nom de la revue : Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies

Année de publication : 2024


Résumé :

This article contributes to the history of both climate policies and industrial and energy sectors (IESs) dynamics in France, through the analysis of discourses and practices around a climate technology: CCUS (carbon capture, utilisation, and storage). We show that while CCUS has been continuously promoted as a decarbonisation technology in speeches, the main goal of its promoters in practice has instead been research and R&D cooperation, plus funding. With rare exceptions, CCUS has remained politically disconnected from the issues of energy independence and deindustrialisation. This brings into question the French technocratic and political elites’ commitment to undertaking these two missions. Of course, some public players stress that they do not want to confuse the debate over CCUS, or make it more controversial, since reindustrialisation tends to generate new domestic CO2 emissions. Nonetheless, other factors can explain the very marginal space made for energy independence and deindustrialisation in the CCUS discourses. Firstly, many members of the political, expertise, and industrial elites demonstrate a certain self-satisfaction over the level of decarbonisation and energy independence, mainly related to France’s unique development of nuclear power. Secondly, the issue of reindustrialisation has always been rather low on the French governmental agenda. Besides this, the practices of CCUS promoters raise a democratic problem. Firstly, most public planners still think of the question of decarbonisation in a way that is rather disconnected from other issues of public action. Secondly, decisions about IESs and climate are still often made in a classic State-centred technocratic problem-management style, and/or are kept in a confined technical sphere. By studying the case of CCUS, this article both contributes to the complex history of French IESs in the time of climate politics, and opens up the present debates over decarbonisation and IESs to greater complexity.


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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Sophie Duchesne , Xabier Itçaina , Viviane Le Hay

Nom de la revue : Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique / Bulletin of Sociological Methodology

pp. 3-12

Année de publication : 2024

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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Sergent Arnaud , Smith Andy

Nom de la revue : Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies

Année de publication : 2024


Résumé :

This article sets out to analyse how and why the wood industry in France has recently responded to various calls for its economic models to fit better with the demands of climate change and ecological transition. By adopting a ‘politics of industry’ approach to the linkages between business practices and their regulation by the European Union, the state, and regional authorities, it unpacks the structuration of this industry, then examines the political work undertaken either to change or conserve it. The study draws upon interviews with public, private, and collective actors from throughout the industry, documentary analysis, and observation of stakeholder meetings. First, we show that in this industry, access to markets and to its factors of production (natural and financial capital) has indeed become increasingly driven by environmental criteria and practices of ecological planning. Second, however, the industry is still struggling to make its productive models fit with an institutional order that has only partially transitioned in this direction. In endeavouring to make productive models and this institutional order match up, key actors in the industry are still working politically to reach three objectives that are often contradictory: (i) build cohesion within the industry aligned with decarbonization ambitions, (ii) re-organize value chains that respond to calls for more national sovereignty for wood, and (iii) maintain ties between a productivist model that has taken on board ecological constraints and another, essentially conservationist, one which still resists change to the very definition of the overall objectives of the industry.


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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Camille Bedock , Bartolomeo Cappellina

Nom de la revue : Rivista italiana di scienza politica

pp. 70-83

Année de publication : 2024


Résumé :

This article deals with the impact of intra-party transformations and access to power on the visions of political participation of activists taking part in populist anti-establishment parties with a strong emphasis on digital participation, using the Five Star Movement (M5S) as a case study. Going beyond studies conceiving the M5S as a populist and digital party, we argue that activists support a democratic ideal based on a civic culture involving a demanding role for ordinary citizens, who should be highly interested in politics and involved locally on a day-today basis. A negative vision of the Italian citizen judged as incapable of playing this role accompanies this ideal. Our article also demonstrates how political involvement in the M5S transformed the visions of activists, making them warier of direct democracy and more disillusioned about their fellow citizens. The analysis relies on qualitative semi-directed interviews with former and current M5S activists with diversified socio-demographics, political and participation trajectories in two Italian regions. More broadly, our article shows that the effects of entering government and intra-party reforms reinforcing the leadership at the expense of local activists are particularly strong in anti-establishment parties and clash with the conceptions of participation supported by activists.


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Catégorie : Article dans une revue

Auteur(s) : Alexis Aulagnier , Daniel Compagnon , Alice Mazeaud , Andy Smith

Nom de la revue : Critical Policy Studies

pp. 1-17

Année de publication : 2024

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